The Treaty of the Holston was a treaty between the United States government and the Cherokee signed on July 2, 1791, and proclaimed on February 7, 1792. It was negotiated and signed by William Blount, governor of the Southwest Territory and superintendent of Indian affairs for the southern district for the United States, and various representatives of the Cherokee peoples, most notably John Watts. The treaty established terms of relations between the United States and the Cherokee, and established that the Cherokee tribes were to fall under the protection of the United States, with the United States managing all future foreign affairs for all the loosely affiliated Cherokee tribes.
The statue depicts William Blount and members of the Cherokee tribe at the 1791 signing of the Treaty of Holston. The treaty was signed along the Holston River in Knoxville between First Creek and Second Creek. Unfortunately, this treaty lasted for less than a decade. In 1798, the Cherokee were made to cede lands illegally settled by whites within the established Cherokee Nation boundaries.
Image from Historical Marker Database